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Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 116,921

Nationality (Noun): Tongan(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Tongan

Official Language(s): Tongan, English

Major Languages Spoken: English, Tongan

Map of Tonga

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Kingdom of Tonga

Country Name (short form): Tonga

Country Name (local long form): Pule'anga Tonga

Country Name (local short form): Tonga

Name of Capital: Nuku'alofa

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+13 (18 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Tonga: Wallis and Futuna Islands, Niue

Land Area: 718 sq km

Water Area: 30 sq km

Comparative Area: four times the size of Washington, DC

Coastline: 419 km

National Holiday: Emancipation Day, 4 June (1970)

International Phone Code: 676

Currency Code: pa'anga (TOP)

Internet Country Code: .to

US Embassy Location: none

US Embassy Mailing Address: none


Tonga flag

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