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Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 39,384,223

Nationality (Noun): Tanzanian(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Tanzanian

Official Language(s): Swahili, English

Major Languages Spoken: Arabic, English, Kiswahili, Swahili

Map of Tanzania

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): United Republic of Tanzania

Country Name (short form): Tanzania

Country Name (local long form): Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

Country Name (local short form): Tanzania

Name of Capital: Dar es Salaam

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Tanzania: Uganda, Zambia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo Dem. Rep. of

Land Area: 886037 sq km

Water Area: 59050 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly larger than twice the size of California

Total Land Boundry: 3,861 km

Coastline: 1,424 km

National Holiday: Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April (1964)

International Phone Code: 255

Currency Code: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)

Internet Country Code: .tz

US Embassy Location: 140 Msese Road, Kinondoni District, Dar es Salaam

US Embassy Mailing Address: P. O. Box 9123, Dar es Salaam


Tanzania flag

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