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A military power during the 17th century, Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars. Sweden's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 by the global economic downturn, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, but the public rejected the introduction of the euro in a 2003 referendum.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 9,031,088

Nationality (Noun): Swede(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Swedish

Official Language(s): Swedish

Major Languages Spoken: Albanian, Amharic, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, Norwegian, Swedish

Map of Sweden

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Kingdom of Sweden

Country Name (short form): Sweden

Country Name (local long form): Konungariket Sverige

Country Name (local short form): Sverige

Name of Capital: Stockholm

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Sweden: Norway, Denmark, Finland

Land Area: 410934 sq km

Water Area: 39030 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly larger than California

Total Land Boundry: 2,233 km

Coastline: 3,218 km

National Holiday: Swedish Flag Day, 6 June (1916); National Day, 6 June (1983)

International Phone Code: 46

Currency Code: Swedish krona (SEK)

Internet Country Code: .se

US Embassy Location: Dag Hammarskjolds Vag 31, SE-11589 Stockholm

US Embassy Mailing Address: American Embassy Stockholm, US Department of State, 5750


Sweden flag

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