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New Zealand

The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. In that same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 4,115,771 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): New Zealander(s)

Nationality (Adjective): New Zealand

Official Language(s): English, Maori

Major Languages Spoken: English, Maori

Map of New Zealand

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): none

Country Name (short form): New Zealand

Country Name (local long form): none

Country Name (local short form): none

Name of Capital: Wellington

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering New Zealand: Norfolk Island, Australia

Land Area: 268021 sq km

Comparative Area: about the size of Colorado

Coastline: 15,134 km

National Holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840); ANZAC Day (commemorated as the anniversary of the landing of troops of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during World War I at Gallipoli, Turkey), 25 April (1915)

International Phone Code: 64

Currency Code: New Zealand dollar (NZD)

Internet Country Code: .nz

US Embassy Location: 29 Fitzherbert Terrace, Thorndon, Wellington

US Embassy Mailing Address: P. O. Box 1190, Wellington; PSC 467, Box 1, APO AP 96531-1034


New Zealand flag

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