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Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration by whites, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His newly elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, has promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 20,905,585

Nationality (Noun): Mozambican(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Mozambican

Official Language(s): Portuguese

Major Languages Spoken: Portuguese, Swahili, Zulu, Swati, Chichewa

Map of Mozambique

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Republic of Mozambique

Country Name (short form): Mozambique

Country Name (local long form): Republica de Mocambique

Country Name (local short form): Mocambique

Name of Capital: Maputo

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Mozambique: Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, South Africa, Comoros

Land Area: 784090 sq km

Water Area: 17500 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly less than twice the size of California

Total Land Boundry: 4,571 km

Coastline: 2,470 km

National Holiday: Independence Day, 25 June (1975)

International Phone Code: 258

Currency Code: metical (MZM)

Internet Country Code: .mz

US Embassy Location: Avenida Kenneth Kuanda 193, Maputo

US Embassy Mailing Address: P. O. Box 783, Maputo


Mozambique flag

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