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Montenegro

The use of the name Montenegro began in the 15th century when the Crnojevic dynasty began to rule the Serbian principality of Zeta; over subsequent centuries Montenegro was able to maintain its independence from the Ottoman Empire. From the 16th to 19th centuries, Montenegro became a theocracy ruled by a series of bishop princes; in 1852, it was transformed into a secular principality. After World War I, Montenegro was absorbed by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929; at the conclusion of World War II, it became a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. When the latter dissolved in 1992, Montenegro federated with Serbia, first as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and, after 2003, in a looser union of Serbia and Montenegro. In May 2006, Montenegro invoked its right under the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro to hold a referendum on independence from the state union. The vote for severing ties with Serbia exceeded 55% - the threshold set by the EU - allowing Montenegro to formally declare its independence on 3 June 2006.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 684,736 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Montenegrin(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Montenegrin

Official Language(s): Serbian

Major Languages Spoken: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Map of Montenegro

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Republic of Montenegro

Country Name (short form): Montenegro

Country Name (local long form): Republika Crna Gora

Country Name (local short form): Crna Gora

Name of Capital: Podgorica (administrative capi

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Montenegro: Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia

Land Area: 13812 sq km

Water Area: 214 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Total Land Boundry: 625 km

Coastline: 293.5 km

National Holiday: National Day, 13 July (1878)

International Phone Code: +381

Currency Code: euro (EUR)

Internet Country Code: .me

US Embassy Location: Ljubljanska bb, 82000 Podgorica, Montenegro

US Embassy Mailing Address: use embassy street address

 

Montenegro flag

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