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The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAN they conquered a huge Eurasian empire. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and later came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing. A Communist regime was installed in 1924. The ex-Communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. Since then, parliamentary elections returned the MPRP overwhelmingly to power in 2000 and produced a coalition government in 2004.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 2,951,786 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Mongolian(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Mongolian

Official Language(s): Khalkha Mongol

Major Languages Spoken: Mongolian, Russian, Khalkha Mongol

Map of Mongolia

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): none

Country Name (short form): Mongolia

Country Name (local long form): none

Country Name (local short form): Mongolia Uls

Name of Capital: Ulaanbaatar

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Mongolia: Russia, China

Comparative Area: slightly smaller than Alaska

Total Land Boundry: 8,220 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

National Holiday: Independence Day/Revolution Day, 11 July (1921)

International Phone Code: 976

Currency Code: togrog/tugrik (MNT)

Internet Country Code: .mn

US Embassy Location: Big Ring Road, 11th Micro Region, Ulaanbaatar

US Embassy Mailing Address: PSC 461, Box 300, FPO AP 96521-0002; P.O. Box 1021, Ulaanbaatar-13


Mongolia flag

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