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The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present-day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family secured control in the late 13th century, and a principality was established in 1338. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 32,671 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Monegasque or Monacan

Official Language(s): French

Major Languages Spoken: English, French, Italian

Map of Monaco

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Principality of Monaco

Country Name (short form): Monaco

Country Name (local long form): Principaute de Monaco

Country Name (local short form): Monaco

Name of Capital: Monaco

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Monaco: France

Land Area: 2 sq km

Comparative Area: about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Total Land Boundry: 4.4 km

Coastline: 4.1 km

National Holiday: National Day (Saint Rainier's Day), 19 November (1857)

International Phone Code: 377

Currency Code: euro (EUR)

Internet Country Code: .mc

US Embassy Location: the US does not have an embassy in Monaco; the US Ambassador to France is accredited to Monaco; the

US Embassy Mailing Address: the US does not have an embassy in Monaco; the US Ambassador to France is accredited to Monaco; the US Consul General in Marseille (France), under the authority of the US ambassador to France, handles


Monaco flag

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