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Mexico

The site of advanced Amerindian civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century. A devaluation of the peso in late 1994 threw Mexico into economic turmoil, triggering the worst recession in over half a century. The nation continues to make an impressive recovery. Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely Amerindian population in the impoverished southern states. The elections held in 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate - Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was succeeded in 2006 by another PAN candidate Felipe CALDERON.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 108,700,891 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Mexican(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Mexican

Official Language(s): Spanish

Major Languages Spoken: Spanish, Tzotzil

Map of Mexico

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): United Mexican States

Country Name (short form): Mexico

Country Name (local long form): Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Country Name (local short form): Mexico

Name of Capital: Mexico (Distrito Federal)

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Mexico: United States, Belize, Guatemala

Land Area: 1923040 sq km

Water Area: 49510 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Total Land Boundry: 4,353 km

Coastline: 9,330 km

National Holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1810)

International Phone Code: 52

Currency Code: Mexican peso (MXN)

Internet Country Code: .mx

US Embassy Location: Paseo de la Reforma 305, Colonia Cuauhtemoc, 06500 Mexico, Distrito Federal

US Embassy Mailing Address: P. O. Box 9000, Brownsville, TX 78520-9000

 

Mexico flag

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