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Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It won its complete independence in 1917. During World War II, it was able to successfully defend its freedom and resist invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, the Finns made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now on par with Western Europe. A member of the European Union since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 5,238,460 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Finn(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Finnish

Official Language(s): Finnish, Swedish

Major Languages Spoken: Finnish, Russian, Swedish

Map of Finland

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Republic of Finland

Country Name (short form): Finland

Country Name (local long form): Suomen tasavalta/Republiken Finland

Country Name (local short form): Suomi/Finland

Name of Capital: Helsinki

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Finland: Sweden, Norway, Russia

Land Area: 304473 sq km

Water Area: 33672 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly smaller than Montana

Total Land Boundry: 2,681 km

Coastline: 1,250 km

National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 December (1917)

International Phone Code: 358

Currency Code: euro (EUR)

Internet Country Code: .fi

US Embassy Location: Itainen Puistotie 14B, 00140 Helsinki

US Embassy Mailing Address: APO AE 09723


Finland flag

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