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After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991, with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with Western Europe. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 1,315,912 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Estonian(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Estonian

Official Language(s): Estonian

Major Languages Spoken: Estonian, Russian

Map of Estonia

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Republic of Estonia

Country Name (short form): Estonia

Country Name (local long form): Eesti Vabariik

Country Name (local short form): Eesti

Name of Capital: Tallinn

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Estonia: Latvia, Russia

Land Area: 43211 sq km

Water Area: 2015 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly smaller than New Hampshire and Vermont combined

Total Land Boundry: 633 km

Coastline: 3,794 km

National Holiday: Independence Day, 24 February (1918)

International Phone Code: 372

Currency Code: Estonian kroon (EEK)

Internet Country Code: .ee

US Embassy Location: Kentmanni 20, 15099 Tallinn

US Embassy Mailing Address: use embassy street address


Estonia flag

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