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Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996 and 2002 presidential elections - as well as the 1999 and 2004 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, there have been few improvements in the population's living standards.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 551,201 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean

Official Language(s): Spanish, French

Major Languages Spoken: French, Spanish

Map of Equatorial Guinea

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Country Name (short form): Equatorial Guinea

Country Name (local long form): Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial/Republique de Guine

Country Name (local short form): Guinea Ecuatorial/Guinee equatoriale

Name of Capital: Malabo

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Equatorial Guinea: Cameroon, Gabon

Land Area: 28051 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly smaller than Maryland

Total Land Boundry: 539 km

Coastline: 296 km

National Holiday: Independence Day, 12 October (1968)

International Phone Code: 240

Currency Code: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)

Internet Country Code: .gq

US Embassy Location: adjacent to the golf course at the base of Mont Febe

US Embassy Mailing Address: B.P. 817, Yaounde, Cameroon; US Embassy Yaounde, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2520

 

Equatorial Guinea flag

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