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El Salvador

El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 6,948,073 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Salvadoran(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Salvadoran

Official Language(s): Spanish

Major Languages Spoken: Spanish

Map of El Salvador

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Republic of El Salvador

Country Name (short form): El Salvador

Country Name (local long form): Republica de El Salvador

Country Name (local short form): El Salvador

Name of Capital: San Salvador

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering El Salvador: Guatemala, Honduras

Land Area: 20720 sq km

Water Area: 320 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

Total Land Boundry: 545 km

Coastline: 307 km

National Holiday: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

International Phone Code: 503

Currency Code: US dollar (USD)

Internet Country Code: .sv

US Embassy Location: Final Boulevard Santa Elena Sur, Antiguo Cuscatlan, La Libertad, San Salvador

US Embassy Mailing Address: Unit 3116, APO AA 34023

 

El Salvador flag

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