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Christmas Island

Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 1,402 (July 2006 est.) (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Christmas Islander(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Christmas Island

Official Language(s): English

Major Languages Spoken: Chinese, English, Malay

Map of Christmas Island

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Territory of Christmas Island

Country Name (short form): Christmas Island

Name of Capital: The Settlement

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Christmas Island: Indonesia

Land Area: 135 sq km

Comparative Area: about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC

Coastline: 138.9 km

National Holiday: Australia Day, 26 January (1788)

International Phone Code: -7

Currency Code: Australian dollar (AUD)

Internet Country Code: .cx

US Embassy Location: none (territory of Australia)

US Embassy Mailing Address: none


Christmas Island flag

Services Related to Christmas Island

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