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Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 1,815,508 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Nationality (Adjective): Motswana, Batswana

Official Language(s): English

Major Languages Spoken: English, Zulu

Map of Botswana

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Republic of Botswana

Country Name (short form): Botswana

Country Name (local long form): Republic of Botswana

Country Name (local short form): Botswana

Name of Capital: Gaborone

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Botswana: Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa

Land Area: 585370 sq km

Water Area: 15000 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly smaller than Texas

Total Land Boundry: 4,013 km

National Holiday: Independence Day (Botswana Day), 30 September (1966)

International Phone Code: 267

Currency Code: pula (BWP)

Internet Country Code: .bw

US Embassy Location: address NA, Gaborone

US Embassy Mailing Address: Embassy Enclave, P. O. Box 90, Gaborone


Botswana flag

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