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In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. Eventually, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their own way, but the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were subsequently heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist authoritarian rule and interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the resignation of several interim presidents. The economy has recovered strongly since bottoming out in 2002. The government renegotiated its public debt in 2005 and paid off its remaining obligations to the IMF in early 2006.

Languages & Population

Approximate Population: 40,301,927 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality (Noun): Argentine(s)

Nationality (Adjective): Argentine

Official Language(s): Spanish

Major Languages Spoken: English, French, German, Italian, Spanish

Map of Argentina

Country Facts

Country Name (long form): Argentine Republic

Country Name (short form): Argentina

Country Name (local long form): Republica Argentina

Country Name (local short form): Argentina

Name of Capital: Buenos Aires

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Countries Near by, and Bordering Argentina: Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Falkland Islands (Malvinas)

Land Area: 2736690 sq km

Water Area: 30200 sq km

Comparative Area: slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US

Total Land Boundry: 9,861 km

Coastline: 4,989 km

National Holiday: Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)

International Phone Code: 54

Currency Code: Argentine peso (ARS)

Internet Country Code: .ar

US Embassy Location: Avenida Colombia 4300, C1425GMN Buenos Aires

US Embassy Mailing Address: Unit 4334, APO AA 34034


Argentina flag

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